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C#多种操作excel的方法比较

C#教程 2021-12-19

我们在做excel资料的时候,通常有以下方法。

一.导入导出excel常用方法:

1.用查询表的方式查询并show在数据集控件上。

public static string strCon = " Provider = Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0 ; Data Source =C:\\08.xls;Extended Properties=Excel 8.0";
    public static DataSet ds;
    protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        
        OleDbConnection conn = new OleDbConnection(strCon);
        string sql = "select * from [Sheet1$]";
        conn.Open();
        OleDbDataAdapter myCommand = new OleDbDataAdapter(sql, strCon);
        ds = new DataSet();
        myCommand.Fill(ds, "[Sheet1$]");
        conn.Close();
        datagrid1.DataMember = "[Sheet1$]";
        datagrid1.DataSource = ds;
        datagrid1.DataBind();


        //Excel.Application excel = new Excel.Application();
        //excel.Application.Workbooks.Add(true);
        //excel.Visible = true;
    }

2.一个一个单元格的进行插入

         string str = @"Data Source=IT-428E4EA4B0C7\SQLEXPRESS;Initial Catalog=TestBase;Integrated Security=True";
         SqlConnection conn = new SqlConnection(str);
         conn.Open();
         int n = 0;
         for (int i = 1; i < 20; i++)
         {
             if (n > 3)
                 break;
             else
                 if (msheet.Cells.get_Range("A" + i, Type.Missing).Text.ToString() == "" && n <= 3)
                 { n++; }
                 else
                 {
  //循环获取excel单元格的值一次一次的插入,excuteSql为执行的存储过程
                      excuteSql(msheet.Cells.get_Range("B" + i, Type.Missing).Text.ToString(),
                        msheet.Cells.get_Range("B" + (i + 1), Type.Missing).Text.ToString(),
                        msheet.Cells.get_Range("B" + (i + 2), Type.Missing).Text.ToString(),
                         conn);
                     i = i + 3;
 
                 }
         }
 
         conn.Close();

二快速导入导出

1.我们都知道当向db里批量插入数据的时候我们会选择SqlBulkCopy

if (dataTable!=null && dataTable.Rows.Count!=0)

            {

                sqlBulkCopy.WriteToServer(dataTable);

            } 

这个可以看 深山老林新发的一篇SQLServer中批量插入数据方式的性能对比

下面是SqlBulkCopy的方法,这个方法有一个弊端就是当excel某一列即有文字,还有日期的时候,会出现null值,我在网上查了一些资料说连接字串加上;HDR=YES;IMEX=1'的时候会都当做字符处理,但是还是会出现一些bug,所以建议最好先把excel数据分析到datatable里然后再用SqlBulkCopy倒入数据库

 // block copy to DB from Excel
         //By xijun, 
         //step create an excel file  C:\Inetpub\wwwroot\test.xls , fill cell(1,1) with "Data",cell(1,2) with "name"
         //step create table named "Data" with column ("data","name") in your DB
         //there the code below:
         DateTime t1 = DateTime.Now;
         Response.Write("<br>start time:" + t1.ToString());
         string ExcelFile = @"C:\\_Hub_Report.xls";
         string excelConnectionString = @"Provider=Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0;Data Source=" + ExcelFile + ";Extended Properties='Excel.0;HDR=YES;IMEX=1'";
 
         using (OleDbConnection excelConnection = new OleDbConnection(excelConnectionString))
         {
 
             excelConnection.Open();
             //Getting source data
             //非空讀入數據
             OleDbCommand command = new OleDbCommand("Select [Region],[CustomerPN],[RMA],[Date],[QTY],[Return/Pull] FROM [_Hub_Report$]  ", excelConnection);
             // Initialize SqlBulkCopy object
 
             using (OleDbDataReader dr = command.ExecuteReader())
             {
                 // Copy data to destination
                 string sqlConnectionString = @"Data Source=MININT-GPHNA\SQLEXPRESS;Initial Catalog=GDS_Service;Integrated Security=True";
                 using (SqlBulkCopy bulkCopy = new SqlBulkCopy(sqlConnectionString))
                 {
                     bulkCopy.DestinationTableName = "GDS_Hub_data";
                     //加入只加入一個列的話,那么就會其他數據庫列都默認為空。
                     bulkCopy.ColumnMappings.Add("Region", "region");
                     bulkCopy.ColumnMappings.Add("CustomerPN", "customer_item_number");
                     bulkCopy.ColumnMappings.Add("RMA", "Rma");
                     bulkCopy.ColumnMappings.Add("Date", "date");
                     bulkCopy.ColumnMappings.Add("QTY", "Qty_1");
                     bulkCopy.ColumnMappings.Add("Return/Pull", "return_pull");
                     //bcp.BatchSize =;//每次传输的行数
                     //bcp.NotifyAfter =;//进度提示的行数
                     bulkCopy.BatchSize =;
                     bulkCopy.NotifyAfter =;
                     bulkCopy.WriteToServer((IDataReader)dr);
                     
 
                 }
             }
             //Closing connection
             excelConnection.Close();
         }
 
         DateTime t2 = DateTime.Now;
         Response.Write("<br>End time:" + t2.ToString());
         Response.Write("<br>use time:" + ((TimeSpan)(t2 - t1)).Milliseconds.ToString() + " Milliseconds");
         Response.Write("<br>inser record count :");

2.快速导出db的数据到excel

这种方法就是利用

Excel.QueryTables

Excel.QueryTable

Querytable把数据快速导入excel里。我们在做复杂报表的时候,这个用的是比较多了,但是单单会这个没有用,它只是快速的把db里的数据放放到excel里,在做大量数据而且需要设定excel样式的时候我们会选择先用这种方法把数据导入excel一个临时sheet,再利sheet复制,sheet移动,和一些excel样式设定,以及excel一个强大的自动填充的功能,那么这些就可以让我们快速的做出花样多试的excel报表,当然这个要求我们比较熟练office的操作,包括宏的操作。

   public string query_table_getdata(string sourpath)
         {
             string str_path = sourpath.Substring(0, sourpath.Length - 22);
             str_path = str_path + "basic.xls";
 
             Excel.QueryTables m_objQryTables = null;
             Excel.QueryTable m_objQryTable = null;
             Excel.Application m_objExcel = null;
             Excel.Workbooks m_objBooks = null;
             Excel.Workbook m_objBook = null;
             Excel.Sheets m_objSheets = null;
             Excel.Worksheet m_objSheet = null;
             Excel.Range m_objRange = null;
             m_objExcel = new Excel.Application();
 
             //try
             //{
                 m_objBooks = m_objExcel.Workbooks;
                 m_objBooks.Open(sourpath, Type.Missing, Type.Missing, Type.Missing, Type.Missing,
                Type.Missing, Type.Missing, Type.Missing, Type.Missing, Type.Missing, Type.Missing, Type.Missing, Type.Missing, Type.Missing, Type.Missing);
 
                 m_objBook = (Excel.Workbook)m_objBooks.get_Item(1);
 
 
                 m_objSheets = (Excel.Sheets)m_objBook.Worksheets;
                 m_objSheet = (Excel.Worksheet)m_objSheets.get_Item(1);
                 m_objRange = m_objSheet.get_Range("A2", Type.Missing);
                 m_objQryTables = m_objSheet.QueryTables;
                 string sqlstr = "SELECT [day01],[day02],[day03],[day04],[day05],[day06],[day07],[day08],[day09],[day10],[day11],[day12],[day13],[day14]";
                 sqlstr += ",[week01] ,[week02],[week03],[week04],[week05],[week06],[week07],[week08],[week09],[week10],[week11],[week12],[week13],[week14]";
                 sqlstr += ",[week15],[week16],[week17],[week18],[week19],[week20],[week21],[week22],[week23],[week24]";
                 sqlstr += " FROM [GDS_Service].[dbo].[GDS_Service_Report_Base] order by groupID ,id";
                              //可以放在配置文件里
                 string conn = @"Provider=SQLOLEDB.1;Data Source=MININT-G87PHNA\SQLEXPRESS;uid=xijun_ke;Password=12345678;
                   Initial Catalog=GDS_Service;Persist Security Info=False;";
 
                 m_objQryTable = (Excel.QueryTable)m_objQryTables.Add("OLEDB;" + conn, m_objRange, sqlstr);
 
                 m_objQryTable.RefreshStyle = Excel.XlCellInsertionMode.xlInsertEntireRows;
 
                 m_objQryTable.Refresh(false);
                 m_objBook.SaveAs(str_path, Type.Missing, Type.Missing, Type.Missing, Type.Missing, Type.Missing, Excel.XlSaveAsAccessMode.xlExclusive, Type.Missing, Type.Missing, Type.Missing, Type.Missing, Type.Missing);
                 m_objBook.Close(false, Type.Missing, Type.Missing);
             //}
             //catch (Exception ee)
             //{
             //    mp.WriteLog(ee.ToString());
             //}
             //finally
             //{
                 m_objExcel.Quit();
                 GC.Collect();
             //}
             return str_path;
 
         }

com操作excel的一些特性操作:

range.NumberFormatLocal = "@";     //设置单元格格式为文本 
range = (Range)worksheet.get_Range("A1", "E1");     //获取Excel多个单元格区域:本例做为Excel表头
range.Merge(0);     //单元格合并动作
worksheet.Cells[1, 1] = "Excel单元格赋值";     //Excel单元格赋值
range.Font.Size = 15;     //设置字体大小
range.Font.Underline=true;     //设置字体是否有下划线
range.Font.Name="黑体";     设置字体的种类
range.HorizontalAlignment=XlHAlign.xlHAlignCenter;     //设置字体在单元格内的对其方式
range.ColumnWidth=15;     //设置单元格的宽度
range.Cells.Interior.Color=System.Drawing.Color.FromArgb(255,204,153).ToArgb();     //设置单元格的背景色
range.Borders.LineStyle=1;     //设置单元格边框的粗细
range.BorderAround(XlLineStyle.xlContinuous,XlBorderWeight.xlThick,XlColorIndex.xlColorIndexAutomatic,System.Drawing.Color.Black.ToArgb());     //给单元格加边框
range.EntireColumn.AutoFit();     //自动调整列宽
Range.HorizontalAlignment= xlCenter;     // 文本水平居中方式
Range.VerticalAlignment= xlCenter     //文本垂直居中方式
Range.WrapText=true;     //文本自动换行
Range.Interior.ColorIndex=39;     //填充颜色为淡紫色
Range.Font.Color=clBlue;     //字体颜色
xlsApp.DisplayAlerts=false;     //保存Excel的时候,不弹出是否保存的窗口直接进行保存
   workbook.SaveCopyAs(temp);/**////填入完信息之后另存到路径及文件名字

excel宏操作,sheet和单元格操作:

     /// <summary>
     /// 讀取excel數據和插入公式
     /// </summary>
     /// <param name="sender"></param>
     /// <param name="e"></param>
     protected void Button2_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
     {
         DateTime t1 = DateTime.Now;
         Response.Write("<br>start time:" + t1.ToString());
         Excel.Application excelkk = new Excel.Application();
         
         excelkk.Workbooks.Add(true);
         int row = 2;
         DataTable myTable = ds.Tables["[Sheet1$]"];
         for (int i = 0; i < myTable.Columns.Count; i++)
         {
             excelkk.Cells[1, 1 + i] = myTable.Columns[i].ColumnName.ToString();
         }
         for (int i = 0; i < myTable.Rows.Count; i++)
         {
             for (int j = 0; j < myTable.Columns.Count; j++)
             {
                 excelkk.Cells[row, j + 1] = myTable.Rows[i][j].ToString();
             }
             
             row++;
         }
 
       
        //取得特定單元格的值
         excelkk.Visible = true;
         this.TextBoxChange.Text = excelkk.get_Range("A2", Type.Missing).Text.ToString();
         //表的單元格合并
         Excel.Range range1 = excelkk.get_Range("A2", "D4");
         range1.Merge(Type.Missing);
         
         
         
         
         //想表格中插入求和的值
         Excel.Range range2 = excelkk.get_Range("B25", Type.Missing);
         range2.Formula = "=SUM(B2:B24)";
         range2.Calculate();
 
         //進行宏的循環應用與單元格的刪除和添加,多個單元格默認宏自動操作。
         Excel.Range range3 = excelkk.get_Range("B25","E25");
         range2.AutoFill(range3,Excel.XlAutoFillType.xlFillDefault);
         //刪除表的指定行數操作
         Excel.Range range7 = null;
         range7 = excelkk.get_Range(excelkk.Cells[2, 2], excelkk.Cells[4, 4]);
         range7.Select();
         range7.EntireRow.Delete(Excel.XlDirection.xlUp);
 
         //獲取最大用過的行數
         Excel.Worksheet wsheet1 = (Excel.Worksheet)excelkk.Worksheets.get_Item(1);
         int n =wsheet1.UsedRange.Cells.Columns.Count;
         Response.Write(n.ToString() + "<br>");
         //MessageBox.Show(n.ToString());
         n = wsheet1.UsedRange.Cells.Rows.Count;
         Response.Write(n.ToString() + "<br>");
         //MessageBox.Show(n.ToString());
         //數據的複製
         Excel.Range range4 = excelkk.get_Range("A2", "B25");
         Excel.Range range5 = excelkk.get_Range("E3", "F25");
         //range4.get_Offset(1,4).Select();
         range4.Copy(range5);
         //停用警告信息
         excelkk.DisplayAlerts = false;
         GC.Collect();     
 
     }
 
 
 單個sheet里求和:
 Excel.Range range2 = excelkk.get_Range("B25", Type.Missing);
         range2.Formula = "=SUM(B2:B24)";
         range2.Calculate();
 
 跨sheet求和:
  Excel.Worksheet wsheet1 = (Excel.Worksheet)excelSql.Worksheets.get_Item(1);
         Excel.Range range3 =wsheet1.get_Range("A23", Type.Missing);
         range3.Formula = "=Sheet3!B8+Sheet3!B12";
         range3.Calculate();

虽然我们拥有强大的NPOI,不过我还是写出来,希望对大家理解office有一定的用处。

以上所述是小编给大家介绍的C#多种操作excel的方法比较,希望对大家有所帮助。在此也非常感谢大家对www.580doc.com网站的支持!


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